No person shall be deprived of his life and personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.
"Article 21: protects right to life as fundamental right. Enjoyment of life
and its attainment including right to life with human dignity encompasses within
its ambit, the protection and preservations of environment, ecological balance
free from pollution of air and water, sanitation without which life cannot
be enjoyed. Any contra acts or actions would cause environmental
pollution. Environmental, ecological, air, water, pollution etc. should be
regarded as amounting to violation of Article 21."
The Supreme Court by a dynamic interpretation of Article 21 has ensured that the right to life and liberty will be meaningless without sustainable development. With the creation of a 'Green Bench' the range of cases where the Court has intervened extends from closure of polluting industries, control on vehicular pollution, regulation of traffic, cleaning of the rivers Ganges and Yamuna to prohibition of felling of trees in forest areas.
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